iPortal featured resource: COVID-19 and Indigenous Communities

A resources and readings list highlighting how responses to the pandemic from Indigenous communities and organizations have been variable.

What follows here is a sampling of resources which speak to the effects of the pandemic, community responses to those effects, and strategies for the long-term management of them collected from a variety community, agency, and government sources. Further resources are available through the iPortal and can be accessed via a keyword search for “COVID.” 

  1. Economic Impact of COVID-19 among Indigenous People

By Paula Arriagada, Kristyn Frank, Tara Hahmann, and Feng Hou.

Participants were asked about the impact on their ability to meet financial obligations or essential needs, whether they had applied for federal income support, and their level of trust in reopening decisions. Data from the crowdsourcing survey The Impacts of COVID19 on Canadians: Trust in Others.


  1. Perceptions of Safety of Indigenous People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Paula Arriagada, Tara Hahmann, and Vivian O’Donnell.

Participants were asked about concerns regarding the impact of confinement on family stress and violence in the home, their sense of safety in their neighbourhood, and whether they felt that people were being harassed or attacked because of ethnicity or skin colour. Based on information from two crowdsourcing data collecting initiatives: Impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians–Mental Health and Impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians–Perceptions of Safety.


  1. COVID 19 Employee Handbook: Return to Work

By the Occupational Health and Safety Committee, Saskatchewan First Nations Family and Community Institute (SFNFCI).

Created to answer frequently asked questions and outline safety procedures and protocols put in place by the organization.


  1. Indigenous People and Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Paula Arriagada, Tara Hahmann, and Vivian O’Donnell.

Questions were asked about participants' perceptions of their level of mental health since the implementation of physical distancing and feelings of stress and anxiety; findings reflect mental health disparities between indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Data from the online questionnaire "Impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians: Your Mental Health."


  1. RHS Statistics for Shaping a Response to COVID-19 in First Nations Communities

By the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC).

Report prepared by the FNIGC analyzes data from the 2015-2016 Regional Health Survey to provide the statistical data to help communities prepare localized responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic.


  1. Immune and Respiratory Herbs: A Resource for Tribal Communities During COVID-19

By Elise Krohn, Valerie Segrest, Renee Davis, Rhonda Grantham, and Sofie Geist.

Information on plants and essential oils which can be used as antibacterials, antivirals, decongestants, expectorants, and to treat fevers, sore throats, and coughs. Includes advice on finding plants, harvest guidelines, and recipes for teas, tonics, and facial steams.

Related video: Herbal Support during the COVID-19 Outbreak.


  1. The Impact of COVID-19 on Canada's Indigenous Tourism Sector: Insights from Operators

By the Conference Board of Canada.

Provides an updated profile of the sector based on Indigenous Tourism Association of Canada's revised definition, an updated 2020 direct economic footprint of the sector by looking at key performance measures of GDP, employment and business growth under the impact of COVID-19, and reports results of survey of 585 operators.


  1. First Nations People, Métis and Inuit and COVID-19: Health and Social Characteristics

By Statistics Canada.

The Daily, April 17, 2020, pp. 1-5.

Reports data on factors which can lead to increased vulnerability to the virus such as geographic isolation and difficulty in accessing health care, pre-existing health issues, poor condition of homes and overcrowding, and multigenerational households.


  1. COVID-19 Magnifies Socio-Economic Challenges Facing Atlantic Indigenous Communities and Businesses

By Fred Bergman.

Highlights the health, financial and socio-economic risks and vulnerabilities for communities, individuals, and businesses.


  1. Australian Health Sector Emergency Response Plan for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

By the Department of Health, Australian Government.

Presents overview of government's approach to COVID-19 as it relates to Indigenous peoples and its operational plan.

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