From one point of view, everything in this bibliography is history, since all items

deal with past events or investigations.  To clarify, this heading is used primarily

for articles which view from their own time back to a previous period. Thus, an

item produced in the 1980s with the purpose of examining issues of the 1960s

is more likely to be found in this section, but a 1980s item discussing

contemporaneous issues, religious or sociological, for example, is more likely

to be listed in the Religion or Sociology sections. Sometimes double listings

are provided. For historical items from the user’s point in time, it might be

worthwhile to examine  headings in addition to this one.


The user could note that Gary Kinsman’s Regulation of Desire, 2nd ed., the

citation to which can be found elsewhere in this bibliography, refers often to

unpublished papers, some of which were presented at the “Queer Sites” lesbian

and gay studies conference, Toronto, May 1993; at the “Out of the Archives”

conference on the  history of bisexuals, lesbians and gay men in Canada, York

University, January 1994; and at the “Sex and the State” lesbian/gay history

conference, July 1985. Kinsman also cites many items appearing in the

gay/lesbian press. Such citations are, as a rule, not included in this list, although

a few exceptions have been made.  Please refer to Kinsman’s work directly for

additional reference to valuable unpublished works and items in gay periodicals.


The user might also note the existence of Web sites for the Canadian Committee

on the History of Sexuality, an official subcommittee of the Canadian Historical

Association, established in 1996, ( www.cha-shc.ca/cchs/ as of May 10, 2005,

and the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Studies Association, at

www.arts.ualberta.ca/~clgsa , also as of May 10, 2005.

Reference to relevant conference papers and presentations, not generally listed in

this bibliography, might be found at these sites.



Adams, Mary Louise.

        “Youth, Corruptibility, and English-Canadian Postwar Campaigns against

               Indecency, 1948-1955.”  Journal of the History of Sexuality 6(1)

               (July 1995): 89-117.

                     Considerably broader than focus of this bibliography. Reference

                     to danger of comics, including homoeroticism of Batman comics, as

                     analyzed by New York psychiatrist, Frederic Wertham, whose comments

                     influenced Canadian politics and law. Also reference to 1952 charges

                     against National News Company, an Ottawa distributor, for having

                     obscene materials, one item of which was a pulp novel, Women’s Barracks,

                     with two lesbian characters, [etc.].


Anderson, Carolyn Ann.

        “The Voices of Older Lesbian Women: An Oral History.”

               Ph.D. dissertation, University of Calgary, 2001.

               (265 p.; ISBN 97806126485010)

                     “…provided a forum for fifteen lesbian women over 47 years of

                     age to share their experiences of living in Calgary during the

                     1960’s and 1970’s….” –from abstract, ProQuest Dissertations &

                     Theses, ProQuest document ID 726115211; Publication no

                     AAT NQ64850


“Argentina.”  In Completely Queer: The Gay and Lesbian Encyclopedia, p. 41.

     By Steve Hogan and Lee Hudson.  New York: Henry Holt, 1998.

                             This is included solely because of the following statement:

                             “…an Argentinian, José [Jorge?] Inaudi, became the first gay person to be

                             given asylum in Canada on grounds of persecution in his native

                             country [in 1991 or 1992].” Elsewhere name is Jorge Alberto Inaudi.


Arsenault, Mathieu, 1976-

              “Histoire de l’Association pour les droits des gai(e)s du Québec, 1976-1986.”

              Ph.D. thesis, Université du Québec à Montréal, 2001.

                    Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 27939549


Bain, Alison L., and Nash, Catherine J.

        “The Toronto Women’s Bathhouse Raid: Querying Queer Identities in the

               Courtroom.” Antipode 39(1) (2007): 17-34.

                     “In 1998 the Toronto Women’s Bathhouse Committee…organized the

                     ‘Pussy Palace,’ Canada’s first women’s bathhouse event.” This was held

                     semiannually in a male bathhouse in downtown Toronto until it “caught

                     the policing arm of the state; in 2000 charges were laid, and a

                     public trial ensued.” The article analyzes the court decision of 2002 and

                     coverage by the mainstream and alternative press – from abstract,

                     America: History & Life index


Le Berdache: 20 ans après: album souvenir.  Collaboration: Mathieu Arsenault.

     Montréal: s.n., 1999.

     (110 p.)

                             Note:  Le Berdache: journal de l’Association pour les droits de la

                             communauté gaie du Québec.


Bonnett, Laura L.

               “Transgressing the Public/Private Divide: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and

               Transgender Citizenship Claims in Alberta, 1968-1998.” Ph.D. dissertation,

               University of Alberta, 2006.

               (331 p.)

                     Ref.: America: History & Life index; University of Alberta Library


                     Additional ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33508176, which notes

                     in abstract that: “This study examines four elements of citizenship –

                     political, legal, cultural, and social, to measure how the struggle between

                     activists and the state over GLBT citizenship claims resulted in a shift

                     over time of the rigidly-constructed public/private divide in Alberta….”

                     and “…finds that while the political arm of the provincial state

                     consistently resisted the inclusion of GLBT citizenship claims into public

                     policy-formation in Alberta, the bureaucracy and the courts provided



Burgess, Marilyn.

                        “Proudly She Marches: Wartime Propaganda and the Lesbian Spectator.”

                             Cinéaction, no. 23 (Winter 1990/1991): [22]-27.

                                                Proudly She Marches, a 1940 wartime recruitment film of National Film

                                                Board of Canada, directed by Jane Marsh.



Burns, Robert J.

               “Queer Doings.” Beaver 83(2) (2003): 38-43.

                     Article about George Herchmer Markland, a prominent bureaucrat in 1830s

                     Upper Canada. Charges were brought against him for homosexual liaisons.

                     He resigned from his positions.


            Cain, Roy.

                        “Disclosure and Secrecy among Gay Men in the United States and Canada:

  A Shift in Views.”  In American Sexual Politics: Sex, Gender, and

  Race since the Civil War, pp. 289-309.  Edited by John C. Fout and Maura Shaw Tantillo.

 Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Appeared earlier in Journal of the History of Sexuality 2(1)(July 1991): 25-45.

Author affiliation: School of Social Work, McMaster University.


“Canada.”  In Completely Queer: The Gay and Lesbian Encyclopedia, pp. 118-120.

  By Steve Hogan and Lee Hudson.  New York: Henry Holt, 1998.

                 Includes five references, all of which appear in various places

                 in this bibliography.


“Canada,” by Becki L. Ross.  In Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia,

  pp. 142-146.  Edited by Bonnie Zimmerman.  New York: Garland

     Publishing, 2000.

                 The subdivisions of this article are:

                 “Pre-Stonewall (1969) Histories”;

                 “1960s Uprisings”;

                 “Lesbian Cultural and Political Independence”;

                 “Grass-Roots Politics”;

                 “State Policing and Regulation”;

                 “Legislative Reform”; and

                 “Culture and Politics.”

                 Contains a seven-item bibliography and seven SEE ALSO references

                 to other articles in the encyclopedia.


“Canada,” by Terry Goldie.  In Gay Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia,

  pp. 167-168.  Edited by George E. Haggerty.  New York: Garland

     Publishing, 2000.

                 Mentioned here are, among others, Alexander Wood, “the first

                 historical figure generally acknowledged to be homosexual,”

                 Everett George Klippert, Jim Egan, Gerald Hannon, The Body Politic

                 and Xtra, and Buddies in Bad Times theatre.  Michel Tremblay is

                 unfortunately entered as Marcel.


      Canadian Lesbian and Gay History Network Newsletter = Bulletin du Réseau

            canadien de recherche en histoire lesbienne et gaie.

            Toronto: The Network, 1985-

                        ISSN 0842-5655

                        Issue #1 (Dec. 1985) –   . Annual (irregular)

                        Issues beginning with November 1990  carry the French parallel title.

                        An exception has been made here in listing a periodical outside the

                        PERIODICALS section of this bibliography.


          Cannon, Martin.

               “The Regulation of First Nations Sexuality.”  Canadian Journal of Native Studies,

                       18(1) (1998): 1-18.

                             “A look at how Euro-Christian missionaries and the Indian Act condemned

                             same-sex relationships among First Nations” –abstract from First Nations

                                    Periodical Index.


Castle, Stephanie

               The Zenith Experience: Encounters & Memories in a Transgender Setting.

               Vancouver: Perceptions Press, c2005.

               (245 p.; ISBN 0973429372)

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 32109011, which includes

                     descriptor regarding history in Canada of transsexuals as related to

                     political activity and legal status.


CelebrAsian: Shared Lives: An Oral History of Gay Asians.  [Toronto]:

     Gay Asians Toronto, c1996.

     (158 p.)

                 Presents biographies (approx. six to twelve pages each) of the

                 following:  Alexis Carrington, Wayson Choy, Raymond Fong,

                 Richard Fung, Englebert Gayagoy, Andre Goh, Peter Ho, Kirby Hsu,

                 Kai Lau, Edward Lee, Alan Li, Duc Nyugen, and Chung Tang.  Also

                 Gay Asians Toronto (G.A.T.) chronology of events, 1979-1996, and

                 three-page list of selected articles from CelebrAsian newsletter from

                 volume 2 (Spring 1984) through volume 20 (Fall 1995).


Chamberland, Line.

     “Le lesbianisme à Montréal entre 1950 et 1972: une analyse sociologique

                 d’expériences vecues.”  Ph.D. dissertation, Université de Montréal, 1994.

                 (740 p.)


            Chamberland, Line.

                        “Mémoire des lieux et lieux de la mémoire: les bars fréquentés par les

                                    lesbiennes à Montréal entre 1955 et 1975.”  Actes du colloque

Mythes, mémoires et historiographie, tome 1. Sorbonne,

1-2 décembre 1989. Paris: Editions GKC, 1989.


Chamberland, Line.

     Mémoires lesbiennes: le lesbianisme à Montréal entre 1950 et 1972.

                 Montréal: Editions du Remue-ménage, 1996.

                 (285 p.; ISBN 289091142X)

                             Reviews: Danielle La Casse, Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française

                             51(1) (été 1997): 97-99;  Canadian Woman Studies 16(2)

                             (Spring 1996): 130; Ann Robinson, Recherches féministes 9(2)

                             (1996): 160-161.


            Chamberland, Line.

                        “Remembering Lesbian Bars, Montreal, 1955-1975.”  Journal of Homosexuality

                                    25(3)(1993): 231-269.


Chambers, Stuart

               “Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Bill C-150: Rational Approach to Homosexual Acts,

               1967-69.” (98, [15] leaves) M.A. thesis, University of Ottawa, 2003

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 30498827.


Chapman, Terry L.

  “Male Homosexuality: Legal Restraints and Social Attitudes in Western

     Canada, 1890-1920.”  In Law & Justice in a New Land: Essays in

     Western Canadian Legal History, pp. 267-292.  Edited by Louis A. Knafla.

     Toronto: Carswell, 1986.


Chapman, Terry L.

  “‘An Oscar Wilde Type’: ‘The Abominable Crime of Buggery’ in Western

     Canada, 1890-1920.”  Criminal Justice History 4 (1983): 97-118.

                             “Examines social and legal attitudes toward homosexuality in

                             Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia from 1890 to 1920.

                             Western Canadians identified homosexuals as sinful, immoral, and

                             perverse, especially following the sensational trials of Oscar Wilde

                             during the 1890’s….Based on Supreme Court records, District

                             Court records, and documents in the Provincial Archives of British

                             Columbia” – from entry in America: History and Life index.


            Chapman, Terry L.

                        “Sex Crimes in Western Canada, 1890-1920.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University

                                    of Alberta, 1984.

                                    (ca. 271 leaves)

                                                Ref.: Kinsman, Regulation of Desire, 2nd ed., p. 105, ftnt. 18.


            Chenier, Elise.

                        “The Criminal Sexual Psychopath in Canada: Sex, Psychiatry and the Law at

                                    Mid-Century.”  Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 20(1) (2003): [75]-101.


Chenier, Elise

               “Rethinking Class in Lesbian Bar Culture: Living ‘The Gay Life’ in

               Toronto, 1955-1965.” Left History 9(2) (2004): 85-118.

                     Lesbians in the bar culture of that period “divided themselves not only

                     along lines of ‘butch’ and ‘femme’ but also along socioeconomic lines….

                     This article discusses the experiences…and highlights the difficulties”

                     these women faced – from abstract, America: History & Life index.


            Chenier, Elise Rose.

                        “Stranger in Our Midst: Male Sexual ‘Deviance’ in Postwar Ontario.”

                                    Ph.D. dissertation, Queen’s University, 2001.

                                    (407 p.)

                                                “Charts the range of ideas, the key participants, and the multiple

                                                effects of the entrenchment of forensic sexology in legal, medical,

                                                criminological and mainstream cultural thought in postwar

                                                Canada….The ‘criminal sexual psychopath,’ a medico-legal

                                                construct popularized in the postwar era, is the central focus of

                                                this study….This project documents how the conflation of

                                                homosexuality with other sexual ‘deviations’ occurred…”

                                                --excerpt from PsycINFO abstract.     


Chenier, Elise Rose.

     “Tough Ladies and Troublemakers: Toronto’s Public Lesbian Community,

                 1955-1965.”  MA thesis, Queen’s University, 1995.

                 (253 p.)


Churchill, David Stewart.

     “Coming Out in a Cold Climate: A History of Gay Men in Toronto during

                 the 1950s.”  MA thesis, University of Toronto, 1993.

                 (115 p.)


Churchill, David S.

               “Mother Goose’s Map: Tabloid Geographies and Gay Male Experience in

               1950s Toronto.” Journal of Urban History 30(6) (2004): 826-852.

                     “Describes locations in Toronto…where gay men could meet for

                     social and sexual contacts in the 1950s….” –from abstract,

                     America: History & Life index


Churchill, David S.

               “Personal Ad Politics: Race, Sexuality and Power at The Body Politic.”

               Left History 8(2) (2003): 114-134.

                     Uses an April 1985 article from this gay/lesbian Toronto periodical

                      to discuss “the publication’s policies and politics regarding personal

                     advertisements and issues of sexual and racial identity.” -- from abstract,

                     America: History & Life index

                     Compiler note: The Body Politic ceased publication in the late 1980s.


Churchill, David S.

               “Rethinking Class in Lesbian Bar Culture: Living ‘The Gay Life’ in

               Toronto, 1955-1965.” Left History 9(2) (2004): 85-118.

                     Lesbians in the bar culture of that period “divided themselves not only

                     along lines of ‘butch’ and ‘femme’ but also along socioeconomic lines….

                     This article discusses the experiences…and highlights the difficulties”

                     these women faced – from abstract, America: History & Life index.


        Churchill, David Stewart.

                        “When Home Became Away: American Expatriates and New Social Movements

                                    in Toronto, 1965-1977.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 2000.

                                    Relevance uncertain.  See author’s University of Toronto master’s thesis,

listed in main HISTORY section.  E-mail from University of Chicago library,

March 12, 2001, notes that dissertation defence took place 12/4/00 and that

author had not yet graduated.  Included here on recommendation of a

University of Toronto librarian.


        Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario.

            Speaking Out, Forcing Change: A Short History of CLGRO.

                        25th anniversary ed.; Toronto: The Coalition, 2000.

                        (no pagination given)

                                    At head of title: CLGRO 1975-2000.

                             Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 25183009


Corriveau, Patrice, 1974-

               La répression des homosexuels en France et au Québec : du bûcher à la mairie.

               Sillery, QC : Septentrion, 2006.

               (236 p.; ISBN 2894484739)

                     Refs.: N. Richards communication; AMICUS catalogue record

                     no. 33064245.

                     User might also note this author’s thesis, “Du sodomite au gai :

                     histoire et sociologie de la répression juridique des homosexuels

                     masculins en France et au Québec du 17e siècle à aujourd’hui.”

                     (Ph.D thesis, Université Laval, 2004), listed as AMICUS catalogue

                     no. 30752973.


Demczuk, Irene.

     SEE entry at Sortir de l’ombre, in this section.


        Deslandes, Paul, and Healey, Dan.

                        Queer Lives, Queer Cultures: A Selected Bibliography of Lesbian and Gay

                                    History.  Toronto: The Lesbian and Gay History Discussion Group,

                                    University of Toronto History Department, and the Toronto Centre

                                    for Lesbian and Gay Studies, 1995.

                                                Not seen. Ref.: Gary Kinsman, Regulation of Desire, 2nd ed.,

                                                p. 88, ftnt. 2.


            Dick, Lyle.

                        “Heterohegemonic Discourse and Homosexual Acts: The Case of Saskatchewan in

                                    the Settlement Era.” [Unpublished?]

                                                Paper presented at the “Sex and the State History Conference,” Toronto,

                                                July 1985.  Compiler has generally not included unpublished items in this

                                                bibliography, but has made this exception because of decision by

                                                University of Saskatchewan Library staff to include citation on their

                                                “Saskatchewan Resources for Sexual Diversity” Web site. Web site

                                                accessed July 8, 2004.


Doyle, Vincent.

        “Lead Us Not into Temptation: The London, Ontario ‘Kiddie-Porn Ring’ and

               the Construction of a Moral Panic.”  International Journal of Canadian

               Studies, no. 21 (2000): [65]-79.

                 “This essay…begins by tracing the chronology of Project Guardian

                 from its origins as a local investigation of a so-called ‘kiddie-porn ring’ to

                 its eventual expansion into a ‘crackdown’ on various illegal forms of

                 consensual sex between men and male youths above the age of consent.

                 The author investigates how categories like ‘pedophile,’ ‘kiddie porn’ and

                 ‘child victim’ are constructed, reproduced and legitimated in the media in

                 the service of a moral panic around questions of gay sex and knowledge,

                                                youth and HIV infection” – abstract, p. [65].


Duchaine, Errol, et Lortie, André.

     “Les gais et la police: un amour impossible.”  Le Temps fou 29 (juin 1983): 32-35.

                             “Rappel de la descente policière au bar gai ‘Le Truxx,’ en octobre 1977 à

                             Montréal: la prise de conscience qu’elle a fait naître chez les gais” –

                             Repère résumé.


Duder, Karen.

     “Public Acts and Private Languages: Bisexuality and the Multiple Discourses of

                 Constance Grey Swartz.”  BC Studies: The British Columbian Quarterly,

                 no. 136 (Winter 2002/2003): 3-24.

                             “This article focuses on the journals and correspondence of Constance

                             Grey Swartz, a middle-class BC woman whose personal papers reveal a

                             complex sexual subjectivity with a bisexual orientation” – article, p. 6.


            Duder, Karen.

                        “The Spreading Depths: Lesbian and Bisexual Women in English Canada,

                                    1910-1965.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Victoria, 2001.

                                    (460 p.)

                                                Ref.: Proquest Digital Dissertations database, in which see

                                                lengthy abstract.


Egan, John.

               “Nearly Queerly: The Life and Death of a Queer Health Advisory Committee.”

               Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 22(2) (2005): 299-311.

                     “Examines how a group of grassroots activists successfully lobbied for the

                     creation of a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons’ population

                     health advisory committee in Vancouver-Richmond, British Columbia….

                     [S]pecific achievements and challenges…during its four-year life span,

                     1997-2001, are discussed….” –from abstract, America: History & Life



Fadel, Alec.

  “Homosexual Offenses in Ottawa 1950 to 1967: The Medicalization of the

     Legal Process.”  MA thesis, Concordia University, 1994.

     (116 p.)

                             “Since 1892 the Criminal Code of Canada has outlawed homosexual sex

                             by defining it as buggery and gross indecency and prescribing strict

                             penalties.  This thesis will analyze how these legal codes were created

                             and how they were used by Ottawa courts between 1950 and 1967….

                             [It] will also examine the rise of a medical model of homosexuality in

                             Canada, by tracing the medical writings on the topic” and discuss the

                             influence of the medical model on the courts – abstract from Canadian

                             Research Index.


        Ferguson, Sue.

                        “Tale of a Witch Hunt: In the 1960s, Ottawa Targeted Gays and Lesbians as the

                                    Enemy Within.”  Maclean’s, June 25, 2001, pp. 34-36.

                                                Mentions forthcoming Kinsman book, The Canadian War on “Queers”.


Filax, Gloria.

               “Producing Homophobia in Alberta, Canada in the 1990s.”

               Journal of Historical Sociology 17(1) (2004): 87-120.

                     NOTE: CSA Sociological Abstracts shows this article title as

                     having been published in Sciences Sociales et Santé 21(3) (Sept. 2003) :


                     “The cultural heritage of the province is marked by lingering Christian

                     fundamentalism. This legacy is clearly epitomized by the 1990’s

                     campaigns of the weekly Alberta Report to challenge the rights of sexual

                     minorities….” – from abstract, America: History & Life index.

                     Based on articles in the Alberta Report, the Edmonton Journal, and the

                     Calgary Herald, and secondary sources” – note in America: History &

                     Life index record.


Fisher, John.

               “Outlaws or In-laws? : Successes and Challenges in the Struggle for LGBT

               Equality.”  McGill Law Journal 49(4) (Oct. 2004): 1183+  (26 pages)

                     Refs.: Expanded Academic ASAP index and LegalTrac index.

                     From LegalTrac abstract: “In this lecture, the author canvasses the

                    successes and challenges faced by Canadian sexual minorities over the

                    last two decades….”


Foster, Deborah.

               “The Formation and Continuance of Lesbian Families in Canada.”

               Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 22(2) (2005): 281-297.

                     Ref.: America: History & Life index, which notes that article

                     “[e]xplores how lesbian families have formed and grown in Canada

                     since the 1970’s…[and] includes information on lesbians’ and their

                     families’ experiences with the medical profession.” Issues of reproductive

                     technologies and adoption also discussed


Freeman, Barbara M.

               “From No Go to No Logo: Lesbian Lives and Rights in Chatelaine.”

               Canadian Journal of Communication 31(4) (2006): 815-841


“Gay Old Times: So, How Did We Become Canada’s Most Gay-friendly City Anyway?

               Here’s How: A Brief Timeline of Vancouver’s Gay and Lesbian History

               Highlights.” Vancouver Magazine 37(7) (August 2004): 32+ (4 pages)


        “Gay Rights Pioneer is Witness to History.”  Toronto Star, June 24, 2001, p.  A3.

                                                George Hislop.


Gentile, Patrizia.

     “Searching for ‘Miss Civil Service’ and ‘Mr. Civil Service’: Gender Anxiety,

                 Beauty Contests and Fruit Machines in the Canadian Civil Service, 1950-

                 1973.”  MA thesis, Carleton University, 1996.

                 (177 p.)

                             “Between 1950 and 1973, while the Recreational Association arranged

                             for choosing a ‘Miss Civil Service,’ the Security Panel established with

                             the RCMP a surveillance net to detect and interrogate homosexuals.

                             The author suggests a sociological relationship between the security

                             campaigns of 1959-1969 and the beauty contests” – from abstract in

                             Canadian Research Index.


        Gidney, Catherine.

            “Under the President’s Gaze: Sexuality and Morality at a Canadian University

                        during the Second World War.”  Canadian Historical Review 82(1) (2001):


                                    “During…World War II, the Department of Immigration vetted the

                                    correspondence between a student at one of Canada’s denominational

                                    colleges and his friend in an internment camp.  Concerned that the

student might have homosexual leanings….[A] secret investigation [was launched]

into the student’s moral character….[T]he case was

                            ultimately dismissed….” –from abstract in America: History and Life.


Girard, Philip.

     From Subversion to Liberation: Homosexuals and the Immigration Act, 1952-1977.

                 Ottawa, Ont.: Carleton University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jurisprudence

                 Centre, 1985.

                 (43 p.)

                             In Working Papers series of the Jurisprudence Centre.


        Goldie, Terry, 1950-

                        Queer Nation?  Toronto: Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies, York University,


                                    (28 p.; ISBN 1550143956)

                                                11th Robarts Lecture, presented at York University, March 4, 1997.

                                                “Explores how a different kind of national boundary is revealed through

                             an examination of gay and lesbian identities in Canada” –Cover.


Greenland, Cyril, and Colombo, John Robert, comps.

     Walt Whitman’s Canada.  Willowdale, Ont.: Hounslow Press, c1992.

                 (245 columns; ISBN 0888821565)

                             Limited edition of 125 copies; includes facsimile reproduction of

                             first edition of Whitman’s diary (Boston: Small, Maynard, 1904).


Guindon, Jocelyn M.

               “La contestation des espaces gais au centre-ville de Montréal depuis 1950. ”

               Ph.D. dissertation, McGill University, 2001.

               (240 leaves)

                     Ref.: McGill University Library catalogue.


Halladay, Laurel.

               “A Lovely War: Male to Female Cross-dressing and Canadian Military

               Entertainment in World War II.” Journal of Homosexuality 46(3-4)

               (Jan.-Feb. 2004): 19+ (16 pages)

                     Ref.: Expanded Academic ASAP index


        Higgins, Ross.

            “L’association nocturne: A Montreal Cruising Story from 1886.”

                        Canadian Lesbian and Gay History Network Newsletter 3: 5-7.

                                    Compiler made exception for this entry because of age of



Higgins, Ross, 1948-

     De la clandestinité à l’affirmation: pour une histoire de la communauté gaie

                 montréalaise.  Montréal: Comeau & Nadeau, 1999.

                 (165 p.; ISBN 2922494047)


Higgins, Ross.

     “A Sense of Belonging: Pre-Liberation Space, Symbolics, and Leadership in

                 Gay Montreal.”  Ph.D. dissertation, McGill University, 1997.

                 (445 p.)

                             Discusses the 1960s.


        Higgins, Ross; Chamberland, Line; and Champagne, Robert.

                        “Mixed Messages: Lesbians, Gay Men, and the Yellow Press in Quebec and

                                    Ontario during the 1950s-1960s.”  In The Challenge of Modernity: A Reader

                                    on Post-Confederation Canada, pp. 421-438.  Edited by Ian McKay.

                 Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1992.


        Hildebran, Andrea Logan, 1969-

            “Lesbian Activism in Montreal, 1973-1979.”  M.A. thesis,

                        Université du Québec à Montréal, 1997.

                                    Text in English; includes abstract in French.

                                    French title given in AMICUS catalogue record: Le militantisme

                                    lesbien à Montréal, 1973-1979.


            “History of the Gay West Village, Toronto, Ontario.”

                                                Article posted on website of Gay West Community Network.

                                                (article length equivalent of approximately one printed page)

                                                http:\\gaywest.905host.net/files/history.php (examined February 3, 2004).


Hurteau, Pierre.

     “L’homosexualité masculine et les discours sur le sexe en contexte montréalais

                 de la fin du XIXe siècle à la Révolution tranquille.” Histoire sociale =

                 Social History 26(51) (mai 1993): 41-66.

                             “Examen de la façon dont se sont structurées les normes

                             religieuses en ce qui concerne l’homosexualité et leur contribution sur

                             le plan des stéréotypes sexuels et homosexuels; analyse des aspects

                             juridique et médical; étude de la morale religieuse selon trois axes

                             (la famille et les rôles sexuels dichotomiques, l’éducation à la pureté,

                             et la théologie morale)” – Repère résumé.

                             “Examines the historical relationship between religion and homosexuality

                             in Montreal…from 1890 to the 1960’s in its social context and the context

                             of legal and medical attitudes…” – from abstract in America: History and



Hurteau, Pierre.

     “Homosexualité, religion et droit au Québec: une approche historique.”

                 Ph.D. dissertation, Concordia University, 1991.

                 (300 p.)

                             “Cherche à définir le rôle de la religion catholique dans la construction de

                             l’homosexualité au Québec depuis la fin du XIXe siècle” – abstract in

                             Canadian Research Index.


        Hutchinson, Lorna.

                        “Buggery Trials in Saint John, 1806: The Case of John M. Smith.”  University of

                 New Brunswick Law Journal 40 (1991): 130-148.


Ingram, Gordon B.

     “Vancouver as Porn noir.”  Border/Lines Magazine 45 (1997): 30-34.

                             Gays; racism; East Indians; Vancouver history/social conditions.


Jackson, C. C.

     “Syphilis: The Role of the Homosexual.”  Medical Services Journal, Canada

                 19 (Sept. 1963): 631-638.

Included in this section solely because of age of article.  Also entered in Medicine

section. Journal published in Ottawa “under the joint authority of the Ministers

of National Defence, National Health and Welfare and Veterans Affairs”

– National Library of Canada catalogue.


Jackson, Paul (Paul Norman), 1955-

               “Courting Homosexuals in the Military: The Management of Homosexuality in

               the Canadian Military, 1939-1945.” Ph.D. thesis, Queen’s University, 2002.

               (433 leaves)

                     Refs.: AMICUS record no. 28063759; Queen’s University Library

                     catalogue; and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest document ID



Jackson, Paul.

               “The Enemy within the Enemy within: The Canadian Army and Internment

               Operations during the Second World War.” Left History 9(2) (2004):45-83.

                     Assesses prevalence of homosexuality among the Italian and German

                     prisoners of war held in Canada during World War II.


        Keith, Gerald.

                        “Alexander Wood: A Queer Tale from Early Toronto.”  Sightlines, February 1993,

                                    pp. 13-14, 24, 35.

                                                Ref.: Maynard, Canadian Review of Comparative Literature,

                                                March-June 1994, p. 131.


        Kimmel, David, and Robinson, Daniel J.

            “Sex, Crime, Pathology: Homosexuality and Criminal Code Reform in

                        Canada, 1949-1969.”  Canadian Journal of Law and Society 16(1)

                        (Spring 2001): 147-165.


Kinsman, Gary.

               “The Canadian Cold War on Queers: Sexual Regulation and Resistance.”

               In Love, Hate, and Fear in Canada’s Cold War, pp. 109-132. Edited by

               Richard Cavell. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.


Kinsman, Gary.

“‘Character Weaknesses’ and ‘Fruit Machines’: Towards an Analysis of the

         Anti-Homosexual Security Campaign in the Canadian Civil Service.”

         Labour [Canada] 35 (1995): 133-161.

                     “Examines state documents that were part of organizing the

                     antihomosexual security campaign in the late 1950’s and 1960’s in the

                     Canadian civil service that led to hundreds of men and women being

                     dismissed and transferred from their jobs…” – from abstract in

                     America: History and Life index.


            Kinsman, Gary.

                        “Constructing Gay Men and Lesbians as National Security Risks, 1950-70.”

                                    In Whose National Security?: Canadian State Surveillance and the

                                    Creation of Enemies, pp. 143-153.  Edited by Gary Kinsman, Dieter K.

                                    Buse, and Mercedes Steedman.  Toronto: Between the Lines, 2000.

                                                Ref.: National Library of Canada AMICUS catalogue records

                                    27613528 (for article) and 24774821 (for book)


Kinsman, Gary.

               “The Creation of Homosexuality as a ‘Social Problem.” In Moral Regulation

               and Governance in Canada: History, Context and Critical Issues, pp. 85-115

               Edited by Amanda Glasbeek. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2006.

                     Reprint from Kinsman’s The Regulation of Desire (1996), listed

                     elsewhere in Gay Canada bibliography.


        Kinsman, Gary.

            “Gays and Lesbians: Pushing the Boundaries.”  In Canadian Society: Meeting

                        the Challenges of the Twenty-First Century, pp. 212-246.  Edited by Dan

                        Glenday and Ann Duffy.  [Toronto]: Oxford University Press, 2001.

                                    “The author sketches the history of Canada’s gay & lesbian movement

                                    from the 1970s to recent successes in the struggle for legal rights” –

                     from Sociological Abstracts summary.


Kinsman, Gary.

“Heterosexual Hegemony: Spooks in the Canadian State.”

         Canadian Dimension 28 (May-June 1994): 21-23  (1840 words).

                     “The Canadian government sponsored many anti-gay activities in the

                     1950s and 60s, including the firings of gays in [the] civil service.

                     The military saw homosexuality as a danger to national security, and

                     investigated ways to screen for homosexuality” – from Expanded

                     Academic ASAP electronic index.

                     Article points out that not only the RCMP were involved.  Professor

                     Wake of Carleton University was funded to study U.S. tests for

                     detecting homosexuals and produced a report in 1962 on pupillary



Kinsman, Gary.

  “In the Interest of the State: The National Security Campaign against Gay Men

         and Lesbians.”  Canadian Dimension 32(5) (Sept./Oct. 1998): 13-15.


Kinsman, Gary William.

  “In the Interests of the State”: The Anti-Gay, Anti-Lesbian National Security

         Campaign in Canada: A Preliminary Research Report.

         Sudbury, Ont.: Laurentian University, 1998.  (220 p.)

                     Co-authored by Patrizia Gentile. References pp. 213-220.

                     See related articles: “Activists Want Apology for Gay Purge: RCMP’s

                     ‘Character-Weakness Section’ Hunted Civil-Service Homosexuals in

                     1960s,”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], April 9, 1998, p. A6 and

                     “Apology Demanded for Gays,” Globe and Mail, April 15, 1998, p. A9.


Kinsman, Gary.

               “National Security as Moral Regulation: Making the Normal and the Deviant

               in the Security Campaigns against Gay Men and Lesbians.” In Making Normal:

               Social Regulation in Canada, pp. 121-145. Edited by Deborah Brock.

               Toronto: Nelson Thomson Learning, 2003.


Kinsman, Gary.

               “Queerness Is Not in Our Genes: Biological Determinism Versus Social

               Liberation.” In Making Normal: Social Regulation in Canada, pp. 262-284.

               Edited by Deborah Brock. Toronto: Nelson Thomson Learning, 2003.


Kinsman, Gary William.

  The Regulation of Desire: Homo and Hetero Sexualities.  2nd ed., rev.; Montréal:

         Black Rose Books, c1996.

         (423 p.; ISBN 1551640406; 1551640414)

                     First edition published under title: The Regulation of Desire: Sexuality

                     in Canada.  1987.

                     “Uncovers the history of the Canadian lesbian and gay communities…

                     and concludes with suggestions as to how sexual politics can help

                     transform progressive politics” – Toronto Public Library booklet,

                     Write Out on the Shelf, 1993.

Review of 2nd edition: Karen Duder,

Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology  36(3) (Aug. 1999): 454-455.

Reviews of 1987 edition:  Steven Maynard, Labour 23 (Spring 1989):

319-321 and Terry Chapman, Canadian Historical Review 69

(Dec. 1988): 547-548.


Kinsman, Gary.

               “Toronto Pride 1981 – Setting the Historical Record Queer.”

               Autonomy & Solidarity, June 22, 2005.

                     Ref.: Ryerson University Library site, where document link was

                     inaccessible to compiler on October 8, 2008. The Ryerson site adds:

                     “Pride organizing was a project of Gay Liberation Against the Right

                     Everywhere (GLARE).”


        Kinsman, Gary, and Champagne, Robert.

                        “Organizing in the Sixties: ASK – Canada’s First Gay Rights Organization.”

                                    Rites [Toronto] 3 (Oct. 1986): 10-11.


Korfman, Geoffrey.

               “The Wilde West: Homosexual Behavior in the Court Records of

               Saskatchewan, 1895-1930.” M.A. thesis, Trent University, 2007.

               (190 p.)

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 34472912.


            Korinek, Valerie J.

“‘The Most Openly Gay Person for At Least a Thousand Miles’: Doug Wilson

and the Politicization of a Province, 1975-83”.

Canadian Historical Review 84(4)(December 2003): [517]-550.

            The province is Saskatchewan.


Leiss McKellar, Elisabeth.

“Out of Order: Florence Carlyle and the Challenge of Identity, 1864-1923.”

         MA thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1995.

         (179 p.)

                     “This thesis intends to survey first the unique background of

                     Woodstock [ Ontario] and the Carlyle family; second, the general art

                     milieu; and finally Carlyle’s life as a painter and lesbian….As a…

                     practising lesbian, Florence Carlyle required the respectability that her

                     relationship to British man-of-letters Thomas Carlyle provided” –

                     from abstract in Canadian Research Index.


            “Leo Anthony Mantha.”  In They Were Hanged, pp. [95], 97-114.  By Alan Hustak.

                        Toronto: J. Lorimer, 1987.

                                    (ISBN 1550280163; 1550280147)

                                    Photo (face) of Mantha on p. [95].


        Lesbians Making History Collective.

                        “People Think This Didn’t Happen in Canada.”  Fireweed: A Feminist

                        Quarterly 28 (Spring 1989): 81-86, 142.


       Lucas, Noelle May.

            “Womonspace: Building a Lesbian Community in Edmonton, Alberta, 1970-1990.”

                        MA thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 2002.

                        (150 leaves)

                                    Ref.: University of Saskatchewan Library catalogue.


MacDowall, Cyndra.

“Sapphic Scenes: Looking through a History.”  Fuse Magazine 14(4)

         (Spring 1991): 24-39.

                     Relevance uncertain.


MacKenzie, Hector

               “Purged…from Memory: The Department of External Affairs and John Holmes.”

               International Journal [Toronto] 59(2) (Spring 2004): 375-386.

                     Ref.: CBCA index, which yielded this item when a search on terms

                     appropriate to this bibliography was done. Author has not verified



Matthews, J. Scott.

               “The Political Foundations of Support for Same-sex Marriage in Canada.”

               Canadian Journal of Political Science 38(4) (2005): 841-866.

                     “Public support for legal recognition of same-sex marriage increased

                     markedly in Canada over the course of the 1990’s.” Court decisions and

                     subsequent legislative actions were important in shaping opinion. “The

                     article uses data from the Canadian Election Studies for 1993, 1997, and

                     2000.” – from abstract, America: History & Life index


Maynard, Steven.

  “The Burning, Wilful Evidence: Lesbian/Gay History and Archival Research.”

         Archivaria 33 (Winter 1991/1992): 195-201.


            Maynard, Steven.

                        “‘Hell Witches in Toronto’: Notes on Lesbian Visibility in Early-Twentieth-Century

                                    Canada.”  Left History 9(2) (Spring/Summer 2004): 191-205.

                     “Examines a number of articles from the early tabloid press”; publication

                     of Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness in 1928 “received extensive

                     attention in the Toronto tabloid ‘Hush’ and prompted a series of articles

                     about lesbianism….” – from abstract, America: History & Life.


Maynard, Steven.

  “‘Horrible Temptations’: Sex, Men, and Working-Class Male Youth in Urban

         Ontario, 1890-1935.”  Canadian Historical Review 78(2)

         (June 1997): 191-235.

                     “Contribution to the emerging field of Canadian lesbian and gay

                     social history, explores sexual relations between boys and men in

                     early-20th-century urban Ontario….Based primarily on criminal court

                     records, the article details the social and spatial settings of sexual

                     danger and sexual possibility for boys…” –from abstract in

                     America: History and Life index.


Maynard, Steven.

  “In Search of ‘Sodom North’: The Writing of Lesbian and Gay History in English

         Canada, 1970-1990.”  Canadian Review of Comparative Literature 21

         (March-June 1994): 117-132.


            Maynard, Steven.

                        “Lowertown Kind of Love: Homo Sex in Early 20th Century Ottawa.”

                                    Capital Xtra, no. 107, July 2002, pp. 14-15.

                                                Note: gay periodical contents are not normally included in this

                                                bibliography. This exception made because of relative scarcity of published

                                                historical investigations.


        Maynard, Steven.

            “The Maple Leaf (Gardens) Forever: Sex, Canadian Historians and National

         History.”  Journal of Canadian Studies 36(2) (Summer 2001): 70-105.


            Maynard, Steven.

                        “On the Case of the Case: The Emergence of the Homosexual as a Case History

                                    in Early-Twentieth-Century Ontario.”  In On the Case: Explorations in

                                    Social History.  Edited by Franca Iacovetta and Wendy Mitchinson.

                                    Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.


Maynard, Steven.

  “Queer Musings on Masculinity and History.”  Labour [Canada] 42 (Fall 1998):


                     “Though there has been much progress in the late 20th century, how

                     to bring together the fields of labor history and gay studies remains

                     problematic….Studies of ship workers, lumbermen, and miners in the

                     early 20th century provide interesting areas for examining the extent to

                     which homosexual relations occurred and how they were viewed” –

                     from abstract in America: History and Life index.

This paper was presented as part of the roundtable discussion ‘Historians and  

       the Politics of Masculinity’ at the Canadian Historical Association

       annual meeting, Brock University, June 1996.


            Maynard, Steven.

                        “‘Respect Your Elders, Know Your Past’: History and the Queer Theorists.”

                                    Radical History Review 75 (Fall 1999): 56-78.

                                                Author would like to see dialogue opened between queer theorists on the

one hand and gay and lesbian social historians on the other.             

Maynard, Steven.

                        “Saturday Night in the Bunkhouse: Prospects for Gay History.”

                                    Rites, March 1990, n.p.

                                                Ref.: Gary Kinsman, Regulation of Desire, 2nd ed., p. 133

                     and p. 146, ftnt. 177.


Maynard, Steven.

               “Sex, Court Records, and Labour History.” Labour / Le Travail 33 (Spring 1994):


                     Concerns Crown Attorney case files. Degree of relevance to this

                     list not known.


Maynard, Steven.

  “Through a Hole in the Lavatory Wall: Homosexual Subcultures, Police

         Surveillance, and the Dialectics of Discovery, Toronto, 1890-1930.”

         Journal of the History of Sexuality 5(2) (1994): 207-242.

                     “The emergence of a distinct gay culture in Toronto at the beginning

                     of the 20th century was shaped…by the process of urbanization, the

                     status of men as wage earners, and the practices of the Toronto Police

                     Force….Police strategies shifted…to the surveillance of particular men

                     and places….Earlier versions of the article were presented to the

                     Montreal History Group of McGill University in April 1993 and the

                     Annual meeting of the Canadian Historical Association…June 1993.

                     Based on the case files of prosecutions for gross indecency, newspaper

articles, and other primary and secondary sources” -- from abstract in

America: History and Life index.

Same title by same author appears as a chapter (pp. 165-184) in

Gender and History in Canada, edited by Joy Parr and Mark Rosenfeld

(Toronto: Copp Clark, c1996).


            Maynard, Steven.

                        “‘Without Working’: Capitalism, Urban Culture, and Gay History.” 

                                    Journal of Urban History 30 (March 2004): 378-398.

                                                In early-20th-century Toronto, “stereotypical views of gay men as

                                                urbanites who had no need to work were common but inaccurate. Gay

                                                working-class men…were economically independent in that they rented

                                                apartments and rooms…and were thus able to achieve a degree of

                                                privacy….Lesbians had fewer options….Gay historical writing needs to

                                                include both capitalism and urbanization….” –from abstract, America:

                                                History & Life index.


McDiarmid, Marney Elizabeth.

  “From Mouth to Mouth: An Oral History of Lesbians and Gays in Kingston 

         from World War II to 1980.”  MA thesis, Queen’s University, 1999.

         (177 p.)


            McLeod, Donald W., 1957-

                        A Brief History of GAY, Canada’s First Gay Tabloid, 1964-1966.

                                    Toronto: Homewood Books, 2003.

                                    (96 p.; ISBN 0968382916)

                                                Some reviews of A Brief History of GAY are the following:

                                                Canadian Historical Review 86(1)(March 2005): 146+ (by Ross Higgins);

                                                Ontario History 96(1)(Spring 2004): 87+ (by Elise Chenier);

                                                Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 42(1)(Spring 2004): 113;

                                                and Canadian Book Review Annual, 2003, p. 79+ (2 pages)


McLeod, Donald W., 1957-

Lesbian and Gay Liberation in Canada: A Selected Annotated

Chronology, 1964-1975.  Toronto: ECW Press/Homewood Books, 1996.

(302 p.; ISBN 1550222732)

Reviews: Richard M. Vaughan, Fiddlehead 195 (Spring 1998):

107-110 and Craig Patterson, University of Toronto Quarterly

67(1) (Winter 1997/98): 284-285.


McLeod, Donald W.

               Notes on the Origin and Development of GAY, Canada’s First Gay

               Tabloid, 1964-1966. Toronto: Eastbound Books, c2003.

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue no. 2849014.

                     See also McLeod’s later A Brief History of GAY, listed above at McLeod.


McPherson, Kathryn; Morgan, Cecilia; and Forestell, Nancy M., eds.

Gendered Pasts: Historical Essays in Femininity and Masculinity in Canada.

         New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

         (291 p.; ISBN 0195414497)

                     Issues of gender, sexuality, and homosexuality in Canada from

                     1880s to 1920s.

                     Review: Steven Maynard, Canadian Historical Review 81(2)

                     (2000): 317-318.


        “Meeting to Consider Reports of Mr. Don Wall and Dr. F.R. Wake on the Problem

            of Character Weaknesses in the Government Service ; Security Cases involving

                        Homosexuality ; Report on Special Project, by Dr. F.R. Wake.”

                        Ottawa, Ont.: Security Panel, Privy Council Office, 1959-1965.

                        (17 parts)

                                    Declassified by Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS).

                                    Processed under the provisions of the Privacy Access to Information


                                    D.F. Wall, Secretary of the Security Panel.

                                    Issues as presented by catalogue entry descriptors: gays/employment/

                                    civil service.

                     Ref. for the above entry: AMICUS catalogue record no. 13851983


“Mounties Staged Massive Hunt for Gay Males in Civil Service: Police Kept Files

on 8,200 during Diefenbaker-Pearson Era.”  Globe and Mail, April 24, 1992,

pp. A1, A2.


Namaste, Viviane

                 “Beyond Leisure Studies: A Labour History of Male to Female Transsexual and

               Transvestite Artists in Montreal, 1955-1985.” Atlantis 29(1) (2004): 4-11.

                     See also the Namaste’s monograph, C’était du spectacle!, below.


Namaste, Viviane K.

                 C’était du spectacle!: l’histoire des artistes transsexuelles à Montréal, 1955-1985.

               Montréal : McGill-Queen’s University Press, c2005.

               (266 p.; ISBNs 0773528512 and 077352908X)

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 30549503.

                     Review by Line Chamberland, Canadian Historical Review 87(3) (2006):


                     Review by Roxanne Martin, Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française

                     61(1) (2007): 135-137.


Nash, Catherine Jean.

                 “Toronto’s Gay Ghetto: Politics and the Disciplining of Identity and

               Space (1969-1982).” Ph.D. dissertation, Queen’s University [Kingston, Ontario],


               (426 p.; ISBN 9780612862326)

                     “…about the material and symbolic formation of a visible gay

                     neighbourhood in the Yonge and Carleton Street area in the City

                     of Toronto….[E]xamines the process of identity formation and

                     territorial affiliation that was part of the very public battle between

                     the gay movement in Toronto and mainstream interests to define the

                     nature of persons engaged in same sex activities….” –from abstract,

                     ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest document ID 765262761;

                     Publication no. AAT NQ86232

                     Additional ref. : AMICUS catalogue no. 30848022


        Noël, Roger, 1965-

            “Pratiques politiques et formation de l’identité gaie au Québec:

                        l’expérience du Groupe homosexuel d’action politique, 1975-1976.”

                        Thèse de maîtrise, Université du Québec à Montréal, 1993.

                        (208 p.)

                     Ref.: Archives gaies du Québec online bibliography; AMICUS record.


Noorani, Arif.

“We’re Here, We’re Queer, We’re Trustworthy.”  This Magazine 31(3)

        (Nov./Dec. 1997): 4-5.

                     Timeline indicating Canada’s acceptance of homosexuals.


            O’Brien, Kevin.

                        Oscar Wilde in Canada: An Apostle for the Arts.  Toronto: Personal Library, 1982

                                    (207 p.; ISBN 0920510639)

                                                Mainly about Canadian part of Wilde’s 1882 North American tour.


Olson, Nancy Louise.

“Assembling a Life: The (Auto)Biography of Alexis Amelia Alvey, 1942-1945.”

         MA thesis, Simon Fraser University, 1998.

         (102 p.)

                     “This thesis uses [the papers of Alexis Alvey] to make two arguments.

                     First, it was Alexis Alvey’s atypical femininity and ‘deviant’ sexuality

                     that put an end to her military career.  Second, Alvey’s sexuality is

                     implicit in her collection [of papers], present everywhere but never

                     articulated” – abstract from ProQuest Digital Dissertations.


       Perdue, Anne.

          “Out and Proud: How Students, Faculty, Staff and Alumni Brought Queer

           Activism to the University of Toronto and Changed the Campus Forever.”

           UofT Magazine, Summer 2009, n.p. (examined in electronic version, but

           magazine is also in print format).

                                   Cover story of this issue of the University of Toronto publication.

                                   Provides a history of glbt activities at the university from the late

                                   1960s onward.

                                   URL for the magazine (retrieved August 7, 2009):

                                   http://www.magazine.utoronto.ca/ .  Note the “Back Issues” link.


Perdue, Katherine.

                 “Passion and Profession, Doctors in Skirts: The Letters of Doctors Frieda

               Fraser and Edith Bickerton Williams.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History

               22(2) (2005): 271-280.

                     Ref.: America: History & Life index, which notes that the article

                     “explores the lives of these two Canadian women who were lovers from

                     1924 and life partners from 1937, until the death of Williams in 1979….

                     The article demonstrates that the same-sex relationship and identity…

                     proved a primary source of strength in the face of the doctors’

                     tribulations and triumphs as professionals in the medical field.”


“Photo Collection Part of Quebec’s Gay History.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.],

August 19, 1997, p. A2.


Poirier, Guy.

“Marc Lescarbot au pays des Ithyphalles.”  Renaissance and Reformation [Canada]

         17(3) (1993): 73-85.

                     “Examines passages in Book 6 of L’Histoire de la Nouvelle-France

                     (1609) by…Marc Lescarbot (1570?-1642) that deal with the

                     Amerindians of Canada and their sexual practices, especially their

                     attitudes toward homosexuality [etc.]” – abstract from America:

                     History and Life index.


Poulin, Bruce.

                 “The Official Integration of Homosexuals in the CF (1969-1992).”

               Esprit de Corps 11(7) (June 2004): 4+ (3 pages).

                     Ref.: CPI.Q index


“Québec,” by Line Chamberland.  In Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An

Encyclopedia, pp. 627-629.  Edited by Bonnie Zimmerman.  New York:

Garland Publishing, 2000.


Rau, Krishna.

                 “CLGRO to Shut Down after 30 Years of Leadership.” Xtra! [Toronto],

               January 29, 2009, pp. 5-6.

                     CLGRO is Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario.

                     Article notes that steering committee has decided to recommend

                     to membership that the organization be discontinued. Final vote to

                     be held in May at annual general meeting.

                     Article is of particular value for the brief historical overview of

                     some major actions and initiatives of CLGRO since its 1975 founding


Ray, Brian, and Kobayashi, Audrey.

                 “Établir le lien entre l’immigration, la sexualité et la citoyenneté : comparaison

               entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis. ” Canadian Issues / Thèmes canadiens,

               Spring 2005, pp. 14-17.

                     Ref. : America : History & Life index, which notes that historical period

                     of the article is 1990’s-2004.


“RCMP Hoped ‘Fruit Machine’ Would Identify Homosexuals.”  Globe and Mail,

April 24, 1992, p. A1.


“RCMP Was Ordered to Identify Gays.”  Globe and Mail, April 25, 1992, p. A5.


        Renwick, Nancy.

           “No Fury Like a Homosexual Scorned: Murder, Mental Illness and Shifting

            Perceptions of Homosexuality in Canada, 1958-1959.”  M.A. thesis,

            Concordia University, 1999.

            (71 leaves)

                                    Leo Mantha and murder trial in British Columbia.  See also index

                                    reference to main section of this bibliography.


“Report on Police Raids on Gay Steambaths.”  Toronto: Toronto City Council, 1981.

(51 leaves)

                     “Prepared for Aldermen David White and Pat Sheppard….Submitted

                     to Toronto City Council for its meeting of Feb. 26, 1981” –Toronto

                     Public Library catalogue note.


Richards, Neil

                 Celebrating a History of Diversity: Lesbian and Gay Life in Saskatchewan,

               1971-2005: A Selected Annotated Chronology. Saskatoon, SK: Avenue Centre

               for Gender and Sexual Diversity, 2005.

                     Note that this was published in print form, but is also available

                     electronically in an updated version at the Saskatchewan Resources

                     for Sexual Diversity website of the University of Saskatchewan Library

                    at https://library.usask.ca/srsd/ (viewed July 31, 2008)


Richardson, Bill

                 Scorned & Beloved: Dead of Winter Meetings with Canadian Eccentrics.

               Toronto: Knopf Canada, 1997.

               (ISBN 0676970796)

                     Of the several dozen “dramatis personae,” only a few are of some

                     relevance to the bibliography. Note the following (and user might

                     wish to examine the collection more thoroughly):

                     Chapter 2: “Before We Go Further, A Parenthetical Word,” pp. [17]–[24].

                     Concerns 18th-century cross-dresser, Esther Brandeau, who dressed

                     as male. Description in “dramatis personae”: “Cross-Dresser,

                     Traveller, Quebec City.”

                     Chapter 4: “A Folly in Paradise,” pp.[40]-75, and notes, pp.331-32.

                     Account of Charles Henry Danielle, in late 19th century

                     Newfoundland. “Dancing Master, Costumier, Proprietor of

                     Octagon Castle, Paradise, Newfoundland”

                     Chapter 10: “Past Forgetting,” pp. [176]-[192].

                     Account of Nellee Jessee Reid, a farm labourer and cross-dresser

                     from early- to mid-20th-century Englehart, Ontario.


Robertson, Mark L.

                 “AIDS Coverage in The Body Politic, 1981-1987: An Annotated Bibliography.”

               American Review of Canadian Studies 32(3) (2002): 415-431.

                     Bibliography of about 150 articles, according to indexing source,

                     America: History & Life.


Robinson, Daniel J., and Kimmel, David.

“The Queer Career of Homosexual Security Vetting in Cold War Canada.”

         Canadian Historical Review 75(3) (Sept. 1994): 319-345.

                     “The Canadian federal government investigated and fired homosexuals

                     during the 1950s and 1960s…., believed that homosexuals were a

                     security risk because they could be blackmailed for information.  The

                     Royal Canadian Mounted Police formed a separate unit to investigate

                     suspected homosexuals and by the late 1960s had collected 9000 files.

                     At the same time, the government funded a research project aimed

                     at identifying homosexuals scientifically” – summary from

                     Expanded Academic ASAP index.

                     Same title by same authors appears as a chapter (pp. 317-338) in

                     Gender and History in Canada, edited by Joy Parr and Mark Rosenfeld

                     (Toronto: Copp Clark, c1996).


Roebuck, Martin

                 Spearhead: Thirty-Five Years of Gay Toronto History. Researched and written

               by Martin Roebuck. Toronto: Martin Roebuck, c2005.

               (162 p.; ISBN 0973768606)

                     Ref.: AMICUS catalogue no. 31036749, where descriptors assigned

                     are: Spearhead Brotherhood – History; Gay clubs – Ontario – Toronto –



        Ross, Becki L.

                        “Dance to ‘Tie a Yellow Ribbon,’ Get Churched, and Buy the Little Lady a Drink:

                                    Gay Women’s Bar Culture in Toronto, 1965-1975.”  In Weaving Alliances:

                                    Selected Papers Presented for the Canadian Women’s Studies Association at

                                    the 1991 and 1992 Learned Societies Conferences = Tisser les liens…,

                                    pp. 267-287.  Edited by/préparé par Debra Martens.  Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian

         Women’s Studies Association, c1993.


Ross, Becki L.

“Destaining the (Tattooed) Delinquent Body: The Practices of Moral Regulation

         at Toronto’s ‘Street Haven,’ 1965-1969.”  Journal of the History of Sexuality

         7(4) (1997): 561-595.

                     “Explores the construction of the homeless street woman in

                     mainstream Canadian discourse in the 1960s.  During the early years

                     of the day center for women, ‘Street Haven at the Crossroads,’ its

                     staff tried to turn lesbians seeking help into models of respectable

                     femininity…” – abstract from America: History and Life index.


       Ross, Becki.

                        “‘Down at the Whorehouse?’: Reflections on Christian Community Service and

                                    Female Sex Deviance at Toronto’s Street Haven, 1965-1969.” 

                                    Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal 23(1) (1998): 48-59.

                                                “Instrumental to the Haven’s vision was the promotion of respectable

                                                (heterosexual) femininity….This was a formidable assignment given that,

                                                according to Walpole [the director], ‘eighty to eighty-five percent of the

                                                Haven drop-ins were either lesbians or in lesbian relationships” –p. 48.

                                                Historical article on social service.


Ross, Becki L.

The House That Jill Built: A Lesbian Nation in Formation.  Toronto:

         University of Toronto Press, 1995.

         (357 p.; ISBN 0802004601; 0802074790)

                     See also author’s 1992 University of Toronto Ph.D. dissertation of

                     similar title, listed in this section.

                     Review: Canadian Woman Studies 16(2) (Spring 1996): 123-124.


Ross, Becki L.

“The House That Jill Built: Lesbian Feminist Organizing in Toronto, 1976-1980.”

         Feminist Review 35 (1990): 75-91.

                     See other Ross entries with similar title, including a dissertation and

                     a book.


Ross, Becki L.

“The House That Jill Built: Reconstructing the Lesbian Organization of

         Toronto, 1976-1980.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 1992.

         (807 p.)

                     “This thesis brings into view a piece of the struggle of a distinct group

                     of lesbians to claim a collective and empowering public presence…

                     in Toronto during the late 1970s….[M]embers of the Lesbian

                     Organization of Toronto (LOOT) sought to create a radically innovative,

                     counter-hegemonic lesbian feminist discourse and subject positions” –

                     abstract from Canadian Research Index.


Ross, Becki L.

“How Lavender Jane Loved Women: Re-Figuring Identity-Based Life/Stylism

         in 1970s Lesbian Feminism.”  Journal of Canadian Studies 30(4) (1995-96):


                     “Explores the…means devised by lesbian feminists in the 1970s to

                     fashion a distinctive politics of life/style and identity formation.  This

                     involves attention to the diverse features that came to signify the

                     manufacture of the ‘Lesbian Nation’ in Toronto: clothing, living

                     arrangements, vegetarianism, downward mobility, and sexual

                     democracy…” – abstract from America: History and Life index.


Setliff, Eric.

                        “Sex Fiends or Swish Kids?: Gay Men in Hush Free Press, 1946-1956.”

                                    In Gendered Pasts: Historical Essays in Femininity and Masculinity in

                                    Canada.  Edited by Kathryn McPherson, Cecilia Morgan, and Nancy

                                    M. Forestell.  Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1999.


Shah, Nayan.

                 “Policing Privacy, Migrants, and the Limits of Freedom.” Social Text 23(3-4)

               (Fall-Winter 2005): 275-284.

                     Ref.: CSA Sociological Abstracts, which notes: “Analysis of early-20th-

                     century sodomy cases from the US & Canada demonstrates the common

                     practice of arresting & prosecuting male migrant laborers for sexual &

                     public morals infractions….It is shown how the threat posed…to the

                     dominant society led to severe restrictions….”


Smith, Miriam Catherine.

Lesbian and Gay Rights in Canada: Social Movements and

         Equality-Seeking, 1971-1995.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, c1999.

         (211 p.; ISBN 0802043917)

                     Review: Donald B. Rosenthal, Canadian Journal of Political Science

                     33(2) (June 2000): 390-392.


        Smith, Miriam.

            “Political Activism, Litigation and Public Policy: The Charter Revolution and

                        Lesbian and Gay Rights in Canada, 1985-99.”  International Journal of

                        Canadian Studies 21 (Spring 2000): 81-109.


Smith, Miriam [Catherine].

“Social Movements and Equality Seeking: The Case of Gay Liberation in

         Canada.”  Canadian Journal of Political Science 31(2) (1998): 285-309.

                     “Examines the impact of the 1982 Canadian Charter of Rights and

                     Freedoms on social movement politics in Canada using the case of

                     the gay liberation movement” – abstract from America: History and

                     Life index.


Smith, Miriam.

                 “Social Movements and Judicial Empowerment: Courts, Public Policy, and

               and Gay Organizing in Canada.” Politics & Society 33(2)(June 2005):


                     Ref.: America: History & Life index, which notes that historical

                     period covered is 1960’s-2004. “The rise of the modern Canadian lesbian

                     and gay rights movement intersected with a judiciary empowered in 1982

                     by the Charter….[T]he charter changed the nature of the gay and lesbian

                     social movement from that of gay liberation and lesbian feminism to that

                     of rights recognition as an end in itself” –from abstract, America: History

                    & Life index

                     Additional ref.: CSA Sociological Abstracts, which notes that the article

                     “explores the impact of judicial empowerment on social movement politics

                     & public policy using a case study of the lesbian & gay rights movement in

                     Canada before & after the 1982 constitutional entrenchment of the

                     Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms….”


Sorfleet, Andrew.

“On History and Everyday Life.”  C Magazine 30 (Summer 1991): 9-11.

                     Indexer has applied descriptors “history” as well as “homosexuals and

                     homosexuality” to this article.


Sortir de l’ombre: histoires des communautés lesbienne et gaie de Montréal.

Sous la direction d’Irène Demczuk et Frank W. Remiggi; auteurs, Luther A.

         Allen et al.  Montréal: VLB, 1998.

         (409 p.; ISBN 2890056775)

                     Period discussed : 1950s to 1990s.

                     Reviews: Michel-Francis Lagacé, Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique

                     française 53(2) (1999): 284-286 and Claude Pichette, Recherches

                     féministes 12(1) (1999): 156-159.


            Spence, Alex, comp.

                        Gay on the Canadian Prairie: Twenty Years of “Perceptions”, 1983-2002.

                                    See fuller entry of item at Spence in SOCIOLOGY –GENERAL WORKS


            Stand Together.

                        See VIDEOS section for listing of this Ontario gay/lesbian rights item.


Steele, Scott.

“Coming Out: The State Is Out of the Bedroom, but after 25 Years, Old Attitudes

         Still Linger; How Times Have Changed.”  Maclean’s, May 16, 1994,

         pp. 40-43  (3070 words).

                     “Homosexuality was decriminalized in Canada in May 1969, but

                     discrimination and negative attitudes remain in some areas.  Gay

                     activists are lobbying for laws to protect their rights and recognition

                     of gay marriages.”  The appended section, titled “How Times Have

changed,” is a chronology from April 1964 to July 1993 of some major

events affecting Canadian gays and lesbians – abstract from

         Expanded Academic ASAP index.


Steffenson, Kenneth, 1959-

Manitoba Native Peoples and Homosexuality: Historical and Contemporary

         Aspects.  Winnipeg, Man.: Council on Homosexuality and Religion, c1987.

         (45 p.; ISBN 092076410X)


Stein, Marc.

                 “Crossing Borders: Memories, Dreams, Fantasies, and Nightmares of the History

               Job Market.” Left History 9(2) (2004): 119-139

                     “Shortly after US-born Marc Stein began a professorship in history at

                     Toronto’s York University in 1998, Citizenship and Immigration Canada

                     required him to undergo a nonconfidential HIV test before granting him

                     permanent residency….” – from abstract, America: History & Life index


        Stoddart, Kenneth.

            “People Like Us: Memories of Marginality in High School and University.”

                        Qualitative Inquiry 7(2) (April 2001): 171-191.

                                    “…some of the author’s experiences with racism, classism, homophobia,

                                    & death as a high school student in Canada during the late 1950s & early

                     1960s”  -- from Sociological Abstracts summary.


Stone, Sharon D.

  “The Right to Be Different: A Study of the Lesbian Mothers’ Defence Fund.”

         MA thesis, York University, 1984.

         (109 p.)

                     “This thesis is a study of the Lesbian Mothers’ Defence Fund (LMDF),

                     a support/service/protest/[grassroots, voluntary] group for lesbian

                     mothers in the city of Toronto” – abstract from Canadian Research



Tilton, Eleanor Elizabeth.

  “AIDS Committee of Toronto: Case Study of a New Community Organization.”

         MSW thesis, York University, 1991.

         (164 p.)

                     “In this qualitative study, an historical case study design was used

                     to identify the social environment, founders, processes and resources

                     in the birth and early development of the AIDS Committee of Toronto

                     (ACT)” – abstract from Canadian Research Index.


        Warner, Tom.

            Never Going Back: A History of Queer Activism in Canada.

                        Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.

                        (ISBN 0802036082, 0802084605)

                                    Ref.: AMICUS catalogue prepublication record no. 25970047


            Way To Go!: A Short History of CLGRO.

                        Toronto: Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario.

                                    History of Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario, 1975-1995.

                                                Ref.: CLGRO publications web site at www.web.net/~clgro/pub_cat.htm .

User should also note entry above in this section, filed under Coalition…, for

Speaking Out! Forcing Change! A Short History of CLGRO,

which covers the history from 1975 to 2000.


        Whitaker, Reg.

            “Cold War Alchemy: How America, Britain, and Canada Transformed Espionage

                        into Subversion.”  Intelligence and National Security [Great Britain] 15(2)

                        2000: 177-210.

                                    “Neither Britain nor Canada engaged in the partisan political disputesof the McCarthyite

                                    era in the United States but pursued subversive elements in government outside of the public eye.

                                    All three governments eliminated homosexuals from public service, yet the link between homosexuality

                                    and espionage was not held to by many officials in Britain or Canada”

                                    - from abstract in America: History and Life index.


Wilms, Marika.

                 “Droit canadien de l’immigration et partenaires de même sexe.”

               Canadian Issues / Thèmes canadiens, Spring 2005, pp. 18-21.

                     Ref. : America : History & Life index, the abstract of which notes that

                     article “[d]iscusses the evolution since the 1990’s of Canadian

                     immigration policy regarding same-sex partners….”

                     NOTE: English-language document is given in CBCA index

                    under title: “Canadian Immigration Law & Same-sex Partners,”

                    pp. 17-20 (3221 words)


Young, Ian, 1945-

The Stonewall Experiment: A Gay Psychohistory.  London: Cassall, 1995.

         (312 p.; ISBN 0304332720)

Young’s work appears in Homosexuality in Canada: A Bibliography, 1st and 2nd eds.